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3.12.14



The Republic of India does not have a national language.
The official languages of the Union Government of Republic of India are Hindi in the Devanagari script and English, a position supported by a High Court ruling. The languages of the Eighth Schedule, which have been referred to as the national languages of India since Nehru initiated such a practice.

 
Languages currently used by Indian states and union territories
States
No.  
State  
Official Language  
Other officially recognised languages  
1
Andhra Pradesh
Telugu
Urdu
2
Arunachal Pradesh
Hindi
None
3
Assam
Assamese
Bengali, Bodo
4
Bihar
Hindi
Urdu
5
Chhattisgarh
Hindi
None
6
Goa
Konkani
Marathi
7
Gujarat
Gujarati, Hindi

8
Haryana
Hind
Punjabi
9
Himachal Pradesh
Hind
Punjabi
10
Jammu and Kashmir
Urdu
None
11
Jharkhand
Hindi
None
12
Karnataka
Kannada, Tulu, Coorgi

13
Kerala
Malayalam
English
14
Madhya Pradesh
Hindi

15
Maharashtra
Marathi

16
Manipur
Meitei
None
17
Meghalaya
English
Khasi, Garo
18
Mizoram
Mizo
None
19
Nagaland
English
None
20
Orissa
Oriya,
None
21
Punjab
Punjabi
None
22
Rajasthan
Hin
None
23
Sikkim
English
None
25
Tamil Nadu
Tamil
None
25
Tripura
English, Bengali, Kokborok
None
26
Uttarakhand
English, Hindi
Urdu
27
Uttar Pradesh
Hindi
Urdu
28
West Bengal
Bengali
Nepali
Union Territories
No.
Union Territory
Official Language
Other officially recognised languages
1
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
English, Hindi, Tamil

2
Chandigarh
Punjabi, Hindi

3
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Marathi, Gujarati

4
Daman and Diu
Gujarati, English
Marathi
5
Delhi
Hindi
Urdu, Punjabi
6
Lakshadweep
Malayalam

7
Pondicherry
French, Tamil, Telugu, English,

 
Table: Ordered by number of native speakers
Rank  
Language  
1
Hindi dialects
2
Bengali
3
Telugu
4
Marathi
5
Tamil
6
Urdu
7
Gujarati
8
Kannada
9
Malayalam
10
Oriya
11
Punjabi
12
Assamese
13
Bhili/Bhilodi
14
Santali
15
Gondi
16
Sindhi
17
Nepali
18
Konkani
19
Tulu
20
Kurukh
21
Meitei (Manipuri)
22
Bodo
One Million plus speakers (2001 Cencus)

23
Khandeshi
24
Khasi
25
Mundari
26
Ho
Fewer than one million speakers

27
Kui
28
Garo
29
Kokborok
30
Mizo
31
Halabi
32
Korku
33
Munda
34
Mishing
35
Karbi/Mikir
36
Saurashtra
37
Savara
38
Koya
39
Kharia
40
Khond/Kondh
41
English
42
Nishi
43
Ao
44
Sema
45
Kisan
46
Adi
47
Rabha
48
Konyak
49
Malto
50
Thado
51
Tangkhul
Fewer than 100,000 speakers

52
Kolami
53
Angami
54
Kodagu
55
Dogri
56
Dimasa
57
Lotha
58
Mao
59
Tibetan
60
Kabui (Rongmei)
61
Phom
The Following are SIL Ethnologue estimates:

62
Gaddi
63
Pardhi
64
Pardhan
65
Churahi
66
Sauria Paharia
67
Kullu
68
Dhanwar
69
Bhattiyali
70
Ladakhi
71
Dungra Bhil
72
Adiwasi Garasia
73
Rajput Garasia
74
Noiri
75
Jaunsari
76
Pnar
77
Andh
78
Mara
79
Mawchi
80
Bishnupriya
81
Duruwa
82
Lodhi:
83
Bhadrawahi
84
Eastern Magar
85
Balti
86
Korwa
87
Mahali
88
Rana Tharu
89
Paniya
90
Rathwi Bareli
91
Rawang
92
Sansi
93
Kachari
94
Bazigar
95
Agariya
96
Kanjari
97
Mal Paharia
98
Poumei Naga
99
Bodo Parja
100
Hmar
101
Juang
102
Desiya Oriya
103
Kinnauri
104
Moinba
105
Paite Chin
106
Tase Naga
107
Wancho Naga
108
Braj Bhasha
109
Buksa
110
Sangtam Naga
111
Lepcha
112
Kudmali
113
Yimchungru Naga
114
Gowli
115
Jennu Kurumba
116
Nocte Naga
117
Khirwar
118
Betta Kurumba
119
Chang Naga
120
Dangaura Tharu
121
Gadaba
122
Zeme Naga
123
Naga Pidgin
124
Car Nicobarese
125
Kurichiya
126
Mzieme Naga
127
Chenchu
128
Sikkimese
129
Limbu
130
Majhwar
131
Vaiphei
132
Ravula
133
Western Panjabi
134
Deori
135
Khoibu Naga
136
Falam Chin
137
Kanikkaran
138
Khiamniungan Naga
139
Maram Naga
140
Tutsa Naga
141
Sirmauri

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