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After the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the US,  Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies in September 2, 1945.
A Tokyo trial or the Tribunal was convened by the Allies to try the leaders of Empire of Japan for crimes of war.
Twenty-eight Japanese military and political leaders were charged with  Class A crimes, and more than 5,700 Japanese nationals were charged with  Class B and C crimes, mostly entailing prisoner abuse. China held 13 tribunals of its own, resulting in 504 convictions and 149 executions.
The only dissenting voice in the Tribunal was of Justice Radha Binod Pal. He was the only one who submitted a judgment which insisted all defendants were not guilty.

He argued that the trial was simply an act of retribution by the Allies rather than an impartial judgement. He believed that the exclusion of Western colonialism and the use of the atomic bomb by the United States from the list of crimes, signifies failure of the Tribunal to provide anything other than the opportunity for the victors to retaliate.

His argument was ignored and his opposition was  banned from publication. Only after the American Occupation of Japan ended in 1952, the ban was subsequently lifted. 

In 1966, the Emperor of Japan conferred upon Pal the First Class of the Order of Sacred Treasure. Pal is revered by Japanese nationalists and a monument dedicated to him stands on the grounds of the Yasukuni Shrine. 

Justice Pal's dissent is often mentioned by Indian diplomats and political leaders in the context of Indo-Japanese friendship and solidarity.


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