Mechanical engineering is a broad topic that is the width of the necessity, design and manufacture everything from small parts and devices (eg sensors and micro-inkjet nozzles) to large systems (eg, space vehicles and machine tools). The role of mechanical engineer is a product from an idea to take to the market.
To achieve this, a broad range of skills are required. The machine builder must acquire special skills and knowledge. He / she has the strength and the thermal environment to understand that a product, its parts or its subsystems deal; them for functionality, aesthetics, and the ability to withstand the forces and the thermal environment, they are subject design; and to determine the best way to manufacture them and ensure that they operate without failure. Maybe this is a skill that the machine builder’s exclusive domain is the ability to analyze and design objects and systems with motion.
Since these capabilities for almost all that is necessary are, mechanical engineering is perhaps the broadest and most diverse of the engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers play a central role in such industries as automotive (from the chassis of the vehicle, its every subsystem engine, transmission, sensors), aerospace (aircraft, aircraft engines, control systems for aircraft and space vehicles), Biotechnology (implants, prostheses, fluid control systems for the pharmaceutical industry), computers and electronics (drives, printers, cooling systems, semiconductor tools), micro-electromechanical systems or MEMS (sensors, actuators, micro power generation), energy conversion (gas turbines, wind turbines, solar energy, fuel cells), environmental control (HVAC, air conditioning, refrigeration, compressors); automation (robots, data and image capture, recognition, control), manufacturing (machining, machine tools, prototyping, microfabrication).
To put it simply, mechanical engineering is concerned with everything that moves, including the human body, a very complex machine. Mechanical engineers study materials, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, heat transfer, control, instrumentation, design and production of mechanical systems to understand. Specialized mechanical engineering topics include biomechanics, cartilage tissue engineering, energy conversion, laser-assisted materials processing, combustion, MEMS, microfluidic systems, fracture mechanics, nano mechanics, mechanisms, micro power generation, tribology (friction and wear) and vibration. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) currently lists 36 technical departments, from Advanced Energy Systems and Aerospace Engineering from solid waste engineering and textile technology.
The width of the mechanical engineering discipline allows students a variety of career possibilities beyond some of the above mentioned industries. Regardless of the way they imagine for themselves after graduation, their training, they are mixed with the creative thinking that they remove to an exciting product or system, the analytical tools, their design goals, the ability, all the difficulties have made to achieve design makes available, and the team work for the design, manufacture and marketing of a system. These valuable skills could also pursue a career in medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, finance and so on.
For those interested in applied scientific and mathematical aspects of the discipline, graduate studies in engineering can lead to a career in research and teaching.